Kenya deals with a multitude of environmental concerns. The country deals with issues like poaching, deforestation, soil erosion, and desertification. Furthermore, they have many water issues. The water is often polluted from industrial waste. The water quality is often poor because there is an increased use of fertilizers and pesticides in the area. As previously mentioned, they also have many drought problems. In recent history there has been several severe droughts.
This is a huge issue because agriculture is such a large part of Kenya’s economy. The Kenyan Highlands are one of the best agricultural production regions in Africa. Agriculture is Kenya’s most valuable industry. However, only 20 percent of the land is usable for cultivation, so it is important to maintain this land.
However, groups are working to help Kenya with their environmental issues. Water.org is working in Kenya. The purpose of this group in general is to provide areas with clean drinking water when they may otherwise not have it. This group states that almost all of the water Kenyans drink from is polluted. They usually get their drinking water from Lake Victoria, seasonal streams and rivers, and wells. Even with these sources, people are usually walking up to six kilometers a day to bring water back to their living area. This long transportation process also leaves the water subject to contamination.
There are several other groups working in Kenya to help relieve the area of some of these problems. 350.org is a group that works to help global warming. Their name comes from their goal to reduce Co2 emissions from more than 400 parts per million to 350 per million. The group has two movements in Kenya. One is located in the capital, Nairobi. 350 Kenya is another movement that is comprised of younger Kenyans looking to make a difference. Overall, this group is focused on solving climate change concerns. Greenpeace has also been active in Kenya. Earlier this year Greenpeace worked to advocate for the continuation of a ban on GMOs in the area. They also work to provide solar energy in the area. Actually, Greenpeace was able to provide Obama’s grandma with solar energy in her house in Kenya.
In The Inuit Right to Culture Based on Ice and Snow by Sheila Watt-Cloudier, the idea of environmentalism as a human rights issue is explored. The people in this area are so connected to their land and their way of life with the land that the destruction of it is disrupting their life and culture. This brings up the question of is this a moral obligation we as humans should have. I believe the answer is yes. Although it may not be directly affecting you, you should feel a sense of obligation because you know it will affect someone else. It is like if you steal from a store and don’t get caught nothing bad will happen to you. You will enjoy your free item and go on with your life. However, that item takes away money from someone. It might cause someone to get in trouble for not catching you. Although it won’t directly affect you, you are expected to not do it because it will affect someone else. It is hard for us to understand this because the people it will affect are not born yet or they live halfway around the globe. It is important to remember that it is affecting someone.The people of Kenya see this effect more directly. They struggle to find water, a basic necessity for life. They struggle to grow their crops when their is no water, which denies them the power to move forward economically. I am sure the people in Kenya see a much more direct effect and therefore feel the moral obligation to the environment.